Simhachalam Calves

Simhachalam Calves


We cannot imagine how satisfied are we in totally liberating the worst suffering and turmoil that the male calves donated by the devotees to the temple since ages have now been liberated. Feb 14th, 2013, it was the happiest moment when the Honorable Minister of Endowments have declared to stop the auctions of male calves that keep coming donated by villagers, but 12 months hence we are almost there to bring down the number to zero. Until then our multipronged efforts continue. We look always for your blessings and support.

Thousands of male calves dying at the temple due to starvation and malnutrition.

The salient features of our effective efforts for 2013-14 (12 months) to stop this heinous crime to the male calves in the name of religion which had been going on for several years killing thousands of male calves every year.

Awareness camps 145 areas
Simhachalam camps 80 times
Shandies (cattle market) 127 visits
Meetings with officials 75 related stakeholders
Villages visited 145 nos.
Districts covered 3 (Visakhapatnam, Srikakulam, Vijayanagaram)
Farmers educated 7250 nos.
Total animals rescued 3974 cattle
Total adoption 2816 re-homed

Extensive awareness programmes in the villages conducted by the CRPI (Cattle Respect Programme India) Team.

The below-mentioned graph shows a drastic fall in the male calves being donated by the devotees to the temple :

Challenges to be overcome and outlook for 2014

  • Need to cover villages and villagers
  • Donations of male calves by donors continue but much less, however, they need monitoring to stop being robbed by middlemen who hang around at the temple.
  • Emergency shelter for these male calves required for 100% insulation specifically for days-old calves as this will not go for adoption.
  • More teams formed to visit villages and educate regards usages of cattle by-products.
  • Form Goshalas and build a network in the villages.
  • Lobbying and meeting, holding workshops need to be discussed.

The impact is tremendous and we are proceeding with huge positiveness.

Adoption given to the needy farmers.


Great News! In a move that was long overdue, the Simhachalam Temple has stopped accepting calves as donations from mid-May. However, devotees from far away Orissa and West Bengal, and farmers from the rural areas who still haven’t heard of the ban, continue to bring calves to the temple and when the calves are not accepted, they are left at the foothills. The issue is not completely solved. The calves still need us.

UPDATE: June 6, 2013

The Visakha SPCA has now adopted 238 sickly calves and we are treating them at our Cow Sanctuary. Very unfortunately 80 of these are blind and we are trying to cure them but many may face permanent blindness. A vet has cited stampedes, malnutrition, and possible contagious disease as the reason.

(This is in addition to our current 800 rescued cows and buffaloes.)

As the capacity of our cow sanctuary becomes increasingly stretched, we need to find alternatives for some of the healthier calves. After a rigorous adoption process, we have given the 120 temple calves to farmers who have willingly adopted them. These farmers have been educated with our outreach programs about the proper maintenance and care of cattle, and how they can be used for purposes beyond just ploughing and labour. Veterinary care and guidance are immediately available to them through our health camps. Our staff are in constant contact with them to check up on the progress of the calves.

Also for over one month now, we have been continuously been providing medical care and essential feed to 935 calves which the temple has now shifted to a makeshift cow sanctuary at Krishnapuram.


Sadly, animal cruelty is a constant around the world and currently, there is no end in sight to the countless efforts of animal welfare organizations that are zealously fighting to draw the world’s compassion. In India, the issues and stories are unique and at times, often laced with cultural tragedies and weakly enforced legal systems.

Maybe you feel that the case of the Simhachalam calves is incredibly repugnant. Maybe this is not something you would expect from India, where cows are sacred in the Hindu tradition. So, understandably, you may find it shocking that in a land where cows are revered and worshipped, it is even necessary for an organization like the VSPCA to protect them from the abusive hands of mankind.

The story of the “offered’ calves

A steep climb of 1,000 steps leads one to the breathtaking temple of Simhachalam, located high on a hill in the outskirts of Visakhapatnam. Built-in the time of the Cholas during the medieval ages, Simhachalam is dedicated to the legendary half lion-half man avatar of Lord Vishnu, VarahaNarasimha. The legend says that VarahaNarasimah travelled down to protect his devotee Prahlad from the evil ways of king Hiranyakashyap. Simhachalan attracts thousands of pilgrims daily, but thrice a week these numbers swell as visitors flock to for a certain auspicious occasion known as Chandanotsavam.

Tied to the steeples behind the temple is evidence of this occasion – but also of the less than the auspicious side of the temple that appals its visitors, but who are all too swift to forget about it.

On these auspicious occasions, a frail, young calf is offered to Lord VarahaNarasimha. Many of whom are no more than a few days old, recently separated from their mother, they can barely stand or walk straight. The calves are typically male (because male calves are a byproduct of the dairy industry they do not create milk, so are “useless” and quickly discarded however possible), they are forcefully dragged the 1,000 temple stairs and tied to a temple steeple or a tree. And here they are left. On their own. For an indeterminate amount of time. Hundreds of calves are “offered” to the temple every single day. Temple authorities have no means or space to accommodate these animals so the calves are just left there- tied to a steeple, awaiting their fate in hunger, thirst, loneliness, and fear under India’s blazing sun and stifling heat.

What do the temple authorities do with all these calves?

They auction them.

And this act is illegal.

According to the A.P. Prohibition of Cow Slaughter and Animal Preservation Act of 1977, the auctioning or sale of calves is illegal. It is an offence. We have seen firsthand the authorities neglect the requisite paperwork essential to transferring the ownership of cattle.

And this act is immoral.

Many bidders are purchasing calves for the illegal slaughterhouses in and around Visakhapatnam. Slaughter of cows is illegal in all but two Indian states. But illegal slaughterhouses dot the country like a bad virus. Illegal slaughterhouses are inhumane and unhygienic. Animal welfare regulations do not exist, reverence for the cow does not exist, calves are slowly killed with dirty, dull knives and there is no one there to stop the practice. This is India, with the world’s strictest animal welfare laws, but also where legal enforcement is in shambles- so what can one really expect? Slaughtering equals money, so illegal slaughtering happens.

This slaughtering is a vast, complex issue all in itself, but deeper than what can be elaborated upon here.

The Cruelties

Cows, just like people, only make milk when they are nursing their young, so they must be repeatedly impregnated in order to make the milk people drink. Indian cows are often artificially inseminated. The calves are taken from their mothers soon after birth, so that the babies won’t drink their mother’s milk, reducing the amount available for humans. The mother cow is then injected with the illegal drug Oxytocin to increase her milk output. The drug is extremely painful – hence it was made illegal. But adding insult to injury, Oxytocin is the chemical naturally made inside all mammal mothers that is responsible for creating the loving attachment bond with her baby-so by pumping extra Oxytocin into her body – she craves her missing calf all the more.

Little girl calves are often raised for the same fate as their mothers – dairy cows. But little boy calves, who cannot produce milk and are thus not needed in the dairy industry, are treated all the more cruelly. Often abandoned and left to fend for themselves on the streets, sold to illegal slaughterhouses for beef and India’s booming leather industry (India is one of the world’s leading leather exporters), or given as “live offering” to temples such as Simhachalam.

Many of the calves offered at Simhachalam are already sick, injured, dehydrated, and malnourished when they arrive. Malnourishment often leads to deformed and broken legs. There is no shelter from the heat and weather. There is no food or water. The conditions are fatal. In May alone, 100 calves died at the temple and 50 died during their “holy pilgrimage” to the temple. The VSPCA recently received 80 blind calves that are under its care. The veterinary doctor has cited stampedes, malnutrition and contagious disease as possible causes. Their plight is truly painful even to think about.

The temple goshala is unimaginable in its horrific conditions. Up to 700 calves – many injured, diseased, and handicapped – are boxed into less than half an acre of land, competing for limited hay and dirty water. Stress and competition for food regularly lead to stampedes, on May 9th one stamped alone killed 8 calves.

The calves are then auctioned to slaughterhouses which serve to meet the public demands of a people who have an insatiable taste for veal and tender meat. Calves from a Hindu Temple in India, the land of cow-worshippers, ending up in abattoirs. Where have our morals gone?

We have reason to suspect that there is collusion between the slaughterhouses and the temple authorities, where even the priests themselves know these calves are going to slaughter.

What hypocrisy is this?

At least 10,000 calves each year succumb to this fate. 10,000 sentient calves, disposed of from the dairy industry, abandoned at as a Hindu offering, and ultimately sold to slaughter and eaten. Last year, the revenue earned from the sale of these calves was 19 lakhs. The contractors involved earn 10 times as much.


VSPCA has been lobbying extensively, fighting legal battles to attain these animals’ rights for over 20 years.

Finally, change is in the air.

This February we lobbied the Minister for Endowment Chamber at Hyderabad who ordered a stop to the auctioning of Simhachalam temple calves. On April 14th, the Simhachalam Temple stopped the auctions. But as could be expected, the Temple authorities neglected to care for the calves left at the temple-they simply do not have the capacity to do so.

The Times of India published an article on the 15th of May this year that showed the absolutely disgusting state of affairs in the Goshala. Moreover, as to be expected, there have been reported thefts of the calves by slaughterers, who are still looking for underhanded means to procure the cattle. Following one incident where a group of tribals attempted to steal 12 calves from the Goshala, the Temple Goshala superintendent was suspended.

Thankfully, the coverage of these atrocities has incited action on the part of public officials such as the Tribal Welfare Minister.

Both calf donations, as well as auctions, have now been banned, as the temple has finally understood its limitations.

The temple has also shifted the calves to a larger accommodation at Srikrishnapurama, where a vet has been appointed and borewells are being dug to take care of the animal’s water needs.

A committee, headed by the District Collector, is being formed and a special plan is being drawn to take care of the calves that are still being donated by farmers from Orissa and further north who still haven’t heard of the ban on Calf Donations.

VSPCA Does Its Bit

Like many activists in India, we have come to realize that we need to take it upon ourselves to plug in the gaps of India’s system. In spite of the changes, progress is still painfully slow, with at least 2-3 calves dying every day. We are working constantly to save as many calves as possible, and only with your financial support can we continue.

The VSPCA’s Cattle Respect Programme India, jointly initiated with Animal Angels from Germany, has stationed a team at the temple to administer medical care to the animals in the goshala and ensure the calves currently staying there are kept from slaughterhouse hands.

Goshala Updates

We have constructed a Goshala Cow Shed to house the animals who we rescue. The Society for the Advancement of Nature and Cow Based Rural Economy (ANCRE) has called ours a Model Goshala. It is an achievement we owe to the tireless passion and dedication of our supporters and animal care workers.

VSPCA’s “Kindness Farm” uses an 80 cm3 biogas plant which converts cow dung into electricity to fuel our organization. We try to find good homes for the calves and allow them to be adopted legally by farmers with genuine compassion. So far, 60 of the calves have been adopted.

See the animals’ progress on the Facebook page, where we regularly update photographs and stories.

Your Support Helps the Animals

VSPA has over 900 cows at the shelter, most undergoing medical care, all awaiting sponsorship.

We have dedicated staff, volunteers, and veterinarians. We have a passion. We have space and equipment. And to make all this work-your help is needed too. Sponsor a calf and change his entire world.

Sponsor a Calf Today

Please send in your donations, along with a note indicating your donation is for a calf sponsorship.

To care for one calf, the cost is a mere $20( or Rs 1000) per month, or $240 per year.

For a yearly sponsorship of $240, or a recurring PayPal donation of $20/month, you can name your saved calf, and we’ll commemorate your support on our sponsorship page.

Your support helps in this way:

Item Cost per month/calf
Green fodder Rs.60 or $1.20
Dry hay Rs.60 or $1.20
Minerals, Antibiotics, Vitamins and other health supplements Rs.600 or $12
Special Feed Rs.300 or $6
TOTAL Rs.1040 or $20.40